This annual seminar provides a unique opportunity for unscripted dialogue that contributes to problem-solving on current issues and long-range thinking on the future of the U.S.-Japan alliance. The Pacific Forum has co-hosted this seminar with the Japan Institute for International Affairs (JIIA) since 1995. Participants include experts on alliance management issues, including current and former senior policymakers from the diplomatic and military communities, as well as analysts and scholars. The March 2007 meeting featured keynote speakers Ambassador Richard Armitage, former Deputy Secretary of State, and Ambassador Ryozo Kato, Japanese Ambassador to the U.S. This dialogue will continue at the 14th seminar in March 2008 in San Francisco.