May 13, 2010
The Himalayan plateau spreads across Afghanistan, Pakistan, China’s Xinjiang and Tibetan regions, Nepal, Bhutan, India, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. Throughout much of history, the Himalayas served as a bridge, not a barrier, integrating rather than separating ethnic affiliations. In modern times, however, national boundaries have divided ethnic groups otherwise connected by traditions, religions, and cultural mindsets. Many local populations dispute territories claimed by individual countries.