South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun’s engagement policy faces serious challenges. North Korea’s provocative missile tests July 4 met with unanimous condemnation by the United Nations Security Council. Resolution 1695 requires sanctions on missile-related transfers to North Korea and demands Pyongyang suspend its ballistic missile activities. One month earlier, President Roh’s Uri Party was trounced in South Korean elections by the opposition Grand National Party, which favors a tougher line on North Korea. These developments put Roh’s engagement policy under international and domestic pressure, renewing debate over how Seoul manages relations with Pyongyang.