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Issues & Insights Vol. 22, SR4 – Small Modular Reactors: The Next Phase for Nuclear Power in the Indo-Pacific?

  • Carl Baker

    Senior Adviser, Pacific Forum

  • Jor-Shan Choi

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Retired

  • Ferenc Dalnoki-Veress

    Scientist in Residence & Adjunct Professor, Middlebury Institute of International Studies

  • Sanjana Gogna

    Graduate Research Assistant, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Middlebury Institute of International Studies

  • Victor Nian

    Chief Executive Officer, Centre for Strategic Energy and Resources

  • Miles Pomper

    Senior Fellow, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Middlebury Institute of International Studies

  • David Santoro

    President & CEO, Pacific Forum

  • Dan Zhukov

    Research Assistant, Center for International Security & Cooperation, Stanford University



In an effort to understand the rising interest worldwide in so-called “small modular reactors” (SMRs) and their companion “floating nuclear power plants” (FNPPs), the Pacific Forum commissioned three papers on this topic. Written by Victor Nian, the first paper unpacks SMR/FNPP technologies and discusses their applicability in the Indo-Pacific. The second paper, authored by Jor-Shan Choi, examines the safety, security, and safeguards (i.e., the “3S”) considerations associated with SMRs/FNPPs. Finally, penned by Miles Pomper, Ferenc Dalnoki Veress, Dan Zhukov, and Sanjana Gogna, the third paper addresses the potential geopolitical implications of SMR/FNPP deployments in the Indo-Pacific. By looking at these three areas – the technology, the 3S considerations, and geopolitics – the papers seek to provide a comprehensive, albeit preliminary, analysis of the SMR/FNPP question in the Indo-Pacific.

Download the full volume here.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary
David Santoro & Carl Baker

Chapter 1: Small Modular Reactor Technologies and Floating Nuclear Power Plants in the Indo-Pacific
Victor Nian

Chapter 2: A 3S Analysis of Small Modular Reactors and Floating Nuclear Power Plants
Jor-Shan Choi

Chapter 3: Geopolitics and the Deployment of Small Modular Reactors in South and Southeast Asia
Miles Pomper, Ferenc Dalnoki Veress, Dan Zhukov & Sanjana Gogna