pacific forum History of Pacific Forum

Issues & Insights Vol. 23, SR 9 – The United States & Japan: Allied Against Disinformation — Next Generation Voices Speak

  • Rachel E. Brooks

    Project Manager at Microsoft's Democracy Forward Initiative

  • Taro Nishikawa

  • Tom Ramage

    Economic Policy Analyst at the Korea Economic Institute of America

  • Ryohei Suzuki

  • Jonathon Marek

    Project Manager at the National Bureau of Asian Research

  • Koutaka Yuichiro

MEDIA QUERIES

The United States & Japan: Allied Against Disinformation

Introduction

Pacific Forum, like the US government and much of the international security community, considers the information space a crucial theater in the United States’ ongoing great power competition with the People’s Republic of China and Russia. To meet the need for fresh policy ideas, as well as Pacific Forum’s long-standing mandate to train the next generation of policy professions in the US and its partners, we present to you this volume. In it, readers will find the finalists of our Young Professionals Essay Contest, as part of our ongoing program, The United States & Japan: Allied Against Disinformation. Open to nationals of the two countries, the contest received numerous entries and the final decision was not an easy one—especially when comparing our finalists. On the Japanese side, Yuichiro Kotaka raises the threat posed by generative AI and poses solutions for how governments can address it, while Ryohei Suzuki suggests putting the public broadcaster NHK to use. On the US side, Jonathon Marek raises the alarm over the threat posed by authoritarian governments who have recognized disinformation as a valuable tool, while Thomas Ramage offers suggestion on how the alliance itself can address the threat that disinformation poses. However, our committee ultimately settled on two essays that stood out above the rest: on the Japanese side, Taro Nishikawa’s essay on counter-disinformation campaigns in the age of cognitive warfare was singled out for addressing the current discourse within China and for its focus on US-Japan responses. Among the American entries, Rachel Brooks’ take on how countering disinformation can be part of school curriculums received praise for its originality, creativity, and for providing both an educator’s narrative and an educator’s solution. We thank all of our contestants for their participation, and for contributing potential solutions in this age of information competition.

Rob York

Director of Regional Affairs

Pacific Forum 

This Issues and Insights special report was funded by a grant from the United States Department of State. The opinions, findings and conclusions stated herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Department of State.

Download the full volume here.

 

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Special thanks to the Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology (RCAST), The University of Tokyo, Pacific Forum’s partners in conducting this project.

パシフィック‧フォーラムは、米国政府や国際安全保障コミュニティの多くと同様、情報空間を米国が中国やロシアと続けている大国間競争における重要な舞台の一つとして捉えています。本論文集は、新たな政策アイディアの必要性、及び、米国とそのパートナー国における次世代の政策専門家を育成するというパシフィック‧フォーラムの長年の使命に応えるものです。読者の皆様には、現在進行中のプログラム「日米の『偽情報対策』協力に向けて」の一環として、若手専門家小論文コンテストの最終選考作品をご覧いただきたく存じます。

両国の国民を対象としたこのコンテストには多数の応募があり、最終決定は容易ではありませんでした。日本側では、香高優一郎氏が生成AIの脅威を提起し、政府がそれに対処するための解決策を提示し、鈴木涼平氏は公共放送NHKの活用を提案しています。米国側では、ジョナサン‧マレック氏が偽情報を貴重なツールとして認識している権威主義的な政府がもたらす脅威に警鐘を鳴らし、トーマス‧ラマージュ氏は同盟自体が偽情報がもたらす脅威にどう対処できるかについて提案しています。

しかし、選考委員会は採取的に、日本側では、西川太郎氏の「情報の繭を突き破る:

偽情報キャンペーンに対抗する日米の新たなアプローチ」が、中国における現在の言説を取り上げ、日米の対応に焦点を当てている点で高く評価された。アメリカ側では、レイチェル‧ブルックス氏の「学校カリキュラムにおける反偽情報教育の事例:アメリカと日本-情報操作に対抗する同盟国」という論考が、その独創性、創造性、そして教育者の語り口と教育者の解決策の両方を提供しているという点で高く評価された。

この情報競争の時代に、潜在的な解決策を提供してくれた出場者の皆さんに感謝します。

ロブ‧ヨーク

地域外交プログラム ディレクター

パシフィック‧フォーラム‧インターナショナル

Download Japenese version here.

 


Table of Contents

1.The Case For Anti-Disinformation Education In School Curriculum | Rachel E. Brooks
2.Breaking The Information Cocoon: Japan-Us New Approaches To Counter Disinformation Campaigns In The Age Of Cognitive Warfare | Taro Nishikawa
3.Digital Allies: How The United States And Japan Can Partner Against Disinformation | Tom Ramage
4.A Proposal For Countermeasures Against Disinformation: Utilization Of NHK As A Public Broadcaster | Ryohei Suzuki
5.Parrying The Principal Threat: Reducing The Disinformation Risks Of Authoritarian-Influenced Platforms Through Us-Japan Cooperation On Threat Analysis And Mitigation | Jonathon Marek
6.Countermeasures Against The Spread Of False Information By Generative Ai | YuichiroKotaka


About the Authors

Rachel E. Brooks is a risk intelligence professional specialized in disinformation and other digital threats to democracy. Rachel is currently a Project Manager at Microsoft’s Democracy Forward Initiative and previously served as a private sector intelligence analyst, Fulbright grantee in South Korea, and Rotary International Peace Fellow in England. 

Taro Nishikawa is a Master’s candidate in International Affairs at the Hertie School in Berlin. He previously served as an Officer at the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force, specializing in Military Logistics and Liaison for over four years. 

Tom Ramage is an Economic Policy Analyst at the Korea Economic Institute of America and a 2021 Pacific Forum Young Leader 

Ryohei Suzuki is a doctoral student at the Graduate School of Law, Hitsotsubashi University. He has published various Japanese translations including chapters 5 through 7 of Ill Winds: Saving Democracy from Russian Rage, Chinese Ambition, and American Complacency and “The Sunnylands Principles on Enhancing Democratic Partnership in the Indo-Pacific Region.” 

Jonathon Marek is a Project Manager at the National Bureau of Asian Research, where he oversees research on Indo-Pacific digital governance, emerging technology, trade, and intellectual property issues. He is a graduate of Georgetown University’s Walsh School of Foreign Service, and his academic interests include the role of economic statecraft in grand strategy; the intersection of technology, trade, and national security; and China’s economic and technology ambitions. 

Koutaka Yuichiro is a second-year master’s student at Tohoku University Graduate School of Public Policy researching Japan’s economic security.