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PacNet #34 – Challenges to Indonesia’s Democratic Consolidation

While there is a general consensus that Indonesia must become a democracy, consolidating the democratic processes will be an uphill struggle. As a relatively young state that only achieved independence in 1945 after a long period of colonialism, Indonesia faces numerous internal problems related to the issues of national integration and nationbuilding. Indonesia’s problems are compounded by the fact that not only is the country geographically vast and fragmented, but the population is also vast and fragmented, while resources to govern the country effectively are limited.