pacific forum History of Pacific Forum

PacNet #37 – Myanmar: How Fragile the Reforms?

The scope and pace of liberalization in Myanmar since the inauguration of the "civilianized" Republic of the Union of Myanmar in March 2011 have been remarkable. These policy initiatives encompass a broad spectrum of the multicultural entity that is Myanmar. In politics, economics, governance, and social arenas, President Thein Sein has articulated a reform agenda that is constantly expanding and has publicly acknowledged societal deficiencies that have remained real but officially unacknowledged for a half-century of military-dominated rule. The state, under a military-scripted constitution overwhelmingly approved by a manipulated referendum in May 2008, has begun to move to a more pluralistic administrative system reflecting its pluralistic cultural, multi-ethnic base.